Most schools do have grievance process in their district handbook. If the parents were aware of the bullying the parent would follow the process up to the superintendent where an investigation would be conducted if the abuse was not stopped at the school level. Parents also may have the right to a hearing on the school board level. But if parents are not made aware then they cannot help their child. Unfortunately with the escalation of bullying and its effects on the child, parents need to get involved on the school level in order to protect their child.
It is no secret that the suicides of youths and young adults are being attributed to bullying. Kids cannot get away from the bullying. Cyberbullying is everywhere. Kids turn on their computer and hook into Facebook, My space, Twitter and other social media outlets where it is easy for bullies to brutalize their victims either through stalking or harassment. Sure the bullies could potentially be committing crimes, the issue is, whether law enforcement or the State's Attorney want to prosecute these actions. The bullies are smart and aware they can push their victim over the edge without consequences and that is why they do it. The civil laws are not punitive. Civil actions can take a long time and they mainly go after the school district. But what about the bully? He or She grows up to continue brutalizing victims. That is why it is important to implement criminal laws pertaining to bullying like the State of New Jersey has done.